Individual Behavior: Perception and Personality (Chapter 5) (Creating Effective Organizations)

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Chapter 6: Analyzing Individual Behavior Creating Effective Organizations.

Harpreet Kaur at Student. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Chapter 5 1. Kelli J. What is Personality? The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment. Risk Taking — The willingness to take chances. So far.. The further apart the fields, the more dissimilar. All rights reserved. Low Uncertainty Avoidance: Society does not mind ambiguous situations and embraces them.

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Organizational Behavior Chapter 5

Organizational Behaviour Chapter 5. Please take the quiz to rate it. All questions 5 questions 6 questions 7 questions 8 questions 9 questions 10 questions 11 questions 12 questions 13 questions 14 questions 15 questions 16 questions 17 questions 18 questions 19 questions 20 questions 21 questions 22 questions 23 questions 24 questions 25 questions 26 questions 27 questions 28 questions 29 questions 30 questions 31 questions.

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What Is Organizational Behaviour?

Already have an account? We might not be able to use the personality trait of openness to experience to determine what Paul will do on Friday night, but we can use it to predict what he will do over the next year in a variety of situations. Duplicate Quiz Cancel. Impression management theory states that any individual or organization must establish and maintain impressions that are congruent with the perceptions they want to convey to their stakeholder groups. Like this presentation? An exhaustive search is impractical, so heuristic methods are used to speed up the process of finding a satisfactory solution.

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Remove Excerpt. Removing question excerpt is a premium feature. The forces within a person that affect the direction, intensity, and persistence of voluntary behaviour.


When employees are willing the exert a particular level of effort intensity , for a certain of time persistence , toward a particular goal direction. The employee's emotional and cognitive motivation, self-efficacy to perform the job, a clear understanding of his or her role in the organization's vision, and a belief that he or she has the resources to perform their job. Neutral states that energize individuals to correct deficiencies or maintain an internal equilibrium. Also called primary needs, fundamental needs, or innate motives. Prime movers of behaviour by activating emotions.

The individual's self-concept including personality and values , social norms, and past experience amplify or suppress emotions which results in stronger or weaker ones. A motivation theory arranged in a hierachy, whereby people are motivated to fulfill a higher need as a lower one becomes gratified. The strongest sources is the lowest unsatisfied need at the time.

The next higher need in the hierachy becomes the primary motivator and remains so even if never satisfied. As people experience self-actualization, they desire more rather than less of this need. Brings on a more holistic, humanistic, and positive approach.

A perspective that focuses on building positive qualities and traits within individulals or institutions as opposed to focusing on what is wrong with them. Needs can be strengthened through reinforcement, learning, and social conditions. Consists of three needs: achievement, power, and affiliation. A needs heirachy consisting of three fundamental needs - existence, relatedness, and growth. People with a strong need for this want to accomplish reasonably challenging goals through their own effort. A desire to seek approval from others, conform to their wishes and expectations, and avoid conflict and confrontation.

People in decision-making positions must have a relatively low need for this. People with this want to exercise control over others. People who wear their power as a symbol have personalized power, and people with socialized desire power as a means to help others. A motivation theory based on the innate drives to acquire, bond, learn, and defend that incorporates both emotions and rationality. Demands your attention and motivates you to act on this observation.

Relationship between Organizational Culture, Leadership Behavior and Job Satisfaction

Based on the idea that work effort is directed towards behaviours that people believe will lead to desired outcomes. Refers to the individual's perception that his or her effort will result in a particular level of performance.

In some situations, employees may believe that they can unquestionably accomplish the task. In other situations they expect that even their highest level of effort will not resut in the desire performance level. In most cases, this falls somewhere between these two extremes. Can be increased by assuring employees they have the necessary competencies, match employees based on their abilities and communicating the tasks clearly required for the job, and by behaviour modelling.

The pereived probability that a specific behaviour or peformance level will lead to particular outcomes. Employees may believe that accomplishing a particular task will definitely result in a particular outcome, or they may believe that this outcome will have no effect on successful performance. More often, this expectancy falls somewhere between these two extremes. Can be increased with more valued rewards to those with higher job performance, by explaining how specific rewards are connected to past performances, and by measuring employee performance accurately. The anticipated satisfaction or dissatisfaction that an individual feels toward an outcome.

It ranges from negative to positive. This represents a person's anticipated satisfaction with the outcome. Can be inceased by individualizing rewards. Leaders should watch out for negative consquences that reduce rather than enhance employee motivation. The process of motivating employees and clarifying their role perceptions by establishing performance objectives. Categories include specific, relevant, challenging, commitment, participation in formation, and feedback. Should be specific and relevant, meaning the information should include specific metrics.

Must relate to the individual's behaviour.