Another source states that the "Java" word is derived from a Proto-Austronesian root word, Iawa that meaning "home"; the great island of Iabadiu or Jabadiu was mentioned in Ptolemy's Geographia composed around CE in the Roman Empire.
Iabadiu is said to mean "barley island", to be rich in gold, have a silver town called Argyra at the west end; the name indicates Java, seems to be derived from the Sanskrit name Java-dvipa. Java lies between Sumatra to Bali to the east. Borneo lies to the north and Christmas Island is to the south, it is the world's 13th largest island.
Java is entirely of volcanic origin; the highest volcano in Java is Mount Semeru. The most active volcano in Java and in Indonesia is Mount Merapi. In total, Java boast more than mountains. More mountains and highlands help to split the interior into a series of isolated regions suitable for wet-rice cultivation. Java was the first place where Indonesian coffee was grown, starting in Today, Coffea arabica is grown on the Ijen Plateau by larger plantations; the area of Java is , square kilometres.
It is up to km wide; the island's longest river is the km long Solo River. The river rises from its source in central Java at the Lawu volcano flows north and eastward to its mouth in the Java Sea near the city of Surabaya. Other major rivers are Brantas , Citarum and Serayu.
The south coast is cooler than the north, highland areas inland are cooler; the wet season ends in April. During that rain falls in the afternoons and intermittently during other parts of the year; the wettest months are February. West Java is wetter than East mountainous regions receive much higher rainfall; the Parahyangan highlands of West Java receive over 4, millimetres annually, while the north coast of East Java receives millimetres annually.
The natural environment of Jav. Zeppelin A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.
Zeppelin's notions were first formulated in and developed in detail in , they were patented in Germany in and in the United States in After the outstanding success of the Zeppelin design, the word zeppelin came to be used to refer to all rigid airships. Zeppelins were first flown commercially in by Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-AG, the world's first airline in revenue service. During World War I , the German military made extensive use of Zeppelins as bombers and scouts, killing over people in bombing raids in Britain; the defeat of Germany in temporarily slowed down the airship business.
Although DELAG established a scheduled daily service between Berlin and Friedrichshafen in , the airships built for this service had to be surrendered under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles , which prohibited Germany from building large airships. An exception was made allowing the construction of one airship for the US Navy , which saved the company from extinction. In , the restrictions on airship construction were lifted, with the aid of donations from the public, work was started on the construction of LZ Graf Zeppelin ; this revived the company's fortunes, during the s, the airships Graf Zeppelin and the larger LZ Hindenburg operated regular transatlantic flights from Germany to North America and Brazil.
The Art Deco spire of the Empire State Building was designed to serve as a mooring mast for Zeppelins and other airships, although it was found that high winds made this impossible and the plan was abandoned; the Hindenburg disaster in , along with political and economic issues, hastened the demise of the Zeppelins. The principal feature of Zeppelin's design was a fabric-covered rigid metal framework made up from transverse rings and longitudinal girders containing a number of individual gasbags ; the advantage of this design was that the aircraft could be much larger than non-rigid airships, which relied on a slight overpressure within the single pressure envelope to maintain their shape.
The framework of most Zeppelins was made of duralumin. Early Zeppelins used rubberised cotton for the gasbags, but most craft used goldbeater's skin , made from the intestines of cattle; the first Zeppelins had long cylindrical hulls with complex multi-plane fins. Some of these could provide reverse thrust for manoeuvring while mooring.
Early models had a comparatively small externally mounted gondola for passengers and crew, attached to the bottom of the frame; this space was never heated so passengers during trips across the North Atlantic or Siberia were forced to bundle themselves in blankets and furs to keep warm and were miserable with the cold.
By the time of the Hindenburg, several important changes had taken place: the passenger space had been relocated to the interior of the overall vessel, passenger rooms were insulated from the exterior by the dining area, forced-warm air could be circulated from the water that cooled the forward engines, all of which made traveling much more comfortable though it deprived passengers of views from the windows of their berths, a major attraction on the Graf Zeppelin: on both the older and newer vessels, the external viewing windows were opened during flight.
The flight ceiling was so low that no pressurization of the cabins was necessary, though the Hindenburg did maintain a pressurized air-locked smoking room. Access to Zeppelins was achieved in a number of ways; the Graf Zeppelin's gondola was accessed.
The Hindenburg had passenger gangways that led from the ground directly into its hull and which could be withdrawn ground access to the gondola and an exterior access hatch via its electrical room. Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin's serious interest in airship development began in , when he took inspiration from a lecture given by Heinrich von Stephan on the subject of "World Postal Services and Air Travel " to outline the basic principle of his craft in a diary entry dated 25 March ; this describes a large rigidly framed outer envelope containing several separate gasbags.
Count Zeppelin began to pursue his project after his early retirement from the military in at the age of Convinced of the potential importance of aviation, he started working on various designs in , had completed detailed designs by An official committee reviewed his plans in , he received a patent, granted on 31 August , with Theodor Kober producing the technical drawings. The building was designed by Karl Arnstein of Ohio.
At the time it was built, it was the largest building in the world without interior supports, provided a huge structure in which "lighter-than-air" ships could be constructed; the first two airships to be constructed and launched at the Airdock were USS Akron , in , its sister ship, USS Macon , in They were about feet long; the building has a unique shape, described as "half a silkworm's cocoon , cut in half the long way. There is , square feet of unobstructed floor space, or an area larger than 8 football fields side-by-side; the Airdock has a volume of 55 million cubic feet.
A control tower and radio aerial sit at its northeast end. At each end of the building are two huge semi-spherical doors that each weigh tons. At the top, the doors are fastened by hollow forged pins six feet long; the doors roll on 40 wheels along specially-designed curved railroad tracks, each powered by an individual power plant that can open the doors in about 5 minutes.
The Airdock is so large that temperature changes within the structure can be different from that on the outside of the structure. To accommodate these fluctuations, which could cause structural damage, a row of 12 windows feet off the ground was installed. Furthermore, the entire structure is mounted on rollers to compensate for expansion or contraction resulting from temperature changes; when the humidity is high in the Airdock, a sudden change in temperature causes condensation.
This condensation falls in a mist, creating the illusion of rain, according to the designer; when World War II broke out, enclosed production areas were needed, the Airdock was used for building airships.
The last airship built in the Airdock was the U. In , the Goodyear Airdock was designated a Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers ; the Airdock has more served as the site of the kickoff rally for the United Way of Summit County , where , members of the public visited. Bill Clinton spoke during his election campaign. The Airdock is not open to the public, but it can be seen by those traveling on U. Route east of downtown Akron. Airship hangar Hangar No. It is said that the first Vitis vinifera made it to the region's San Ignacio Mission in , when Jesuit Padre Juan de Ugarte planted the first vineyards there.
Ensenada is the municipal seat and cultural and commercial center of Ensenada Municipality , one of five into which the state is divided. As of , the municipality had a population of , Ensenada is backed by small mountain ranges. Proximity to the Pacific and a warm Mediterranean latitude create mild year-round weather; the rainy season during the winter is short and the area is prone to prolonged droughts, which can threaten its grape harvests.
The city was founded September under the name San Mateo.
Ensenada means "bay" or "cove"; the first permanent settlement was established by the Jesuits during the 18th century. After the expulsion of the Jesuits in , the Dominicans took over the representation of Europe in what is now Ensenada. In , Ensenada was designated the capital of Baja California, attempts at developing the area were made by the English Mexican Land and Colonization Company; these were interrupted by the Mexican Revolution.
In , the capital was transferred to Mexicali , in the population of Ensenada was only 5, During the early part of the twentieth century, the city's name was shortened from Ensenada de Todos Santos to Ensenada, a change made in order to avoid confusion with Todos Santos in Baja California Sur ; the twentieth-century development of Ensenada was assisted by prohibition , which sent Americans and Canadians south of their border in search of entertainment and alcohol , developing first Tijuana Rosarito , Ensenada as tourist destinations.
The hotel closed in , it was reopened as a cultural center and museum. By this time, other hotels had opened, the population and economy of Ensenada had grown and diversified towards their present status.
The labor of thousands of peasants brought from Mexico into Arizona in contributed to the farming revolution that placed a new state on the path of. Arizona) — In the midst of the solitude of the Goodyear Farms Historic Cemetery, there are countless of silent voices eager to narrate a story.
Ensenada is predominantly a mid-rise building beach city; the only high-rise building within its city limits is the Villa Marina Hotel , though new buildings and resorts in northwestern Ensenada such as Entremar, La Costa, Viento add to the city's skyline and form the majority of the city's highrise buildings. Emblematic sites representative of Ensenada such as the Civic Plaza, containing sculptures of Mexican heroes Benito Juarez , Venustiano Carranza and Miguel Hidalgo , the enormous Mexican flag, the malecon - and Naval cruise terminal are found on and near the coast of the bay.
Many of the terrestrial or marine species inhabiting the surrounding the Greater Ensenada area in the Baja California islands are unique. Guadalupe Island , off the coast of the city, is one of the best places in the world for observing the great white shark ; the island has been a wildlife sanctuary since The city's offshore is host to an array of aquatic ma. Akron, Ohio Akron is the fifth-largest city in the U. It is located on the western edge of the Glaciated Allegheny Plateau , about 30 miles south of Cleveland; as of the Census estimate, the city proper had a total population of ,, making it the th-largest city in the United States.
The Greater Akron area, covering Summit and Portage counties, had an estimated population of ,; the city was founded in by Simon Perkins and Paul Williams , along the Little Cuyahoga River at the summit of the developing Ohio and Erie Canal.
The name is derived from the Greek word signifying high point, it was renamed South Akron after Eliakim Crosby founded nearby North Akron in , until both merged into an incorporated village in In the s, Akron doubled in population. A long history of rubber and tire manufacturing, carried on today by Goodyear Tire, gave Akron the nickname "Rubber Capital of the World", it was once known as a center of airship development.
api.fedor-bystrov.me/bayani-and-the-old-ghosts-1-bayani.php Today, its economy includes manufacturing, education and biomedical research. Notable historic events in Akron include the passage of the Akron School Law of , which created the K—12 system.
A racially diverse city, it has seen noted racial relations speeches by Sojourner Truth in — the Ain't I A Woman? Du Bois in Episodes of major civil unrest in Akron have included the riot of , rubber strike of , the Wooster Avenue riots of The name is adapted from meaning summit or high point, it was laid out in December , where the south part of the downtown Akron neighborhood sits today.
Irish laborers working on the Ohio Canal built about cabins nearby. After Eliakim Crosby founded "North Akron" in the northern portion of what is now downtown Akron in , "South" was added to Akron's name until about three years when the two were merged and became an incorporated village in Akron replaced Cuyahoga Falls as its county seat a year and opened a canal connecting to Beaver, helping give birth to the stoneware , sewer pipe, fishing tackle, farming equipment industries.
In , abolitionist John Brown moved into the John Brown House across the street from business partner Colonel Simon Perkins , who lived in the Perkins Stone Mansion ; the Akron School Law of founded the city's public schools and created the K—12 grade school system, used in every U.