Braunfeld v. Brown : The Supreme Court upheld a Pennsylvania law requiring stores to close on Sundays, even though Orthodox Jews argued the law was unfair to them since their religion required them to close their stores on Saturdays as well.
follow site Sherbert v. Verner : The Supreme Court ruled that states could not require a person to abandon their religious beliefs in order to receive benefits. In this case, Adell Sherbert, a Seventh-day Adventist, worked in a textile mill. When her employer switched from a five-day to six-day workweek, she was fired for refusing to work on Saturdays.
When she applied for unemployment compensation, a South Carolina court denied her claim. Lemon v. Kurtzman : This Supreme Court decision struck down a Pennsylvania law allowing the state to reimburse Catholic schools for the salaries of teachers who taught in those schools. Ten Commandments Cases : In , the Supreme Court came to seemingly contradictory decisions in two cases involving the display of the Ten Commandments on public property.
In the first case, Van Orden v. Perry , the Supreme Court ruled that the display of a six-foot Ten Commandments monument at the Texas State Capital was constitutional.
In McCreary County v. ACLU , the U.
Supreme Court ruled that two large, framed copies of the Ten Commandments in Kentucky courthouses violated the First Amendment. NAACP v. Edwards v. South Carolina : On March 2, , black students marched from Zion Baptist Church to the South Carolina State House, where they were arrested and convicted of breaching the peace.
The Supreme Court ruled in an decision to reverse the convictions, arguing that the state infringed on the free speech, free assembly, and freedom to petition of the students. The Bill of Rights; White House.
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Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The Second Amendment is one of 10 amendments that form the Bill of Rights, ratified in by the U. Differing interpretations of the amendment — often referred to as the right to bear arms — have fueled a long-running debate over gun control legislation and the The 25th Amendment to the U.
Passed by Congress on July 6, , the 25th Amendment was ratified by the states The long debate over lowering the voting age in America from 21 to 18 began during World War II and intensified during the Vietnam War, when young men denied the right to vote were being conscripted to fight for their country. In the case Oregon v.
Mitchell, a divided U. Freedom of speech—the right to express opinions without government restraint—is a democratic ideal that dates back to ancient Greece. In the United States, the First Amendment guarantees free speech, though the United States, like all modern democracies, places limits on this The 14th Amendment to the U. The 13th Amendment to the U. Constitution, ratified in in the aftermath of the Civil War, abolished slavery in the United States.
By the late s, prohibition movements had sprung up across the United States, driven by religious groups who considered alcohol, specifically drunkenness, a threat to the nation. The movement reached its apex in when Congress ratified the 18th Amendment, prohibiting the The 15th Amendment, granting African-American men the right to vote, was adopted into the U.
Constitution in Despite the amendment, by the late s discriminatory practices were used to prevent African Americans from exercising their right to vote, especially in the Congress, and is considered the national library of the United States. This Day In History. Freedom Of Speech. Debs v. United States The First Amendment did not protect an anti-war speech designed to obstruct recruiting. Gitlow v. New York The Supreme Court applied protection of free speech to the states through the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Chaplinsky v. West Virginia v.
United States v. Tinker v. Brandenburg v.
Cohen v. California A California statute prohibiting the display of offensive messages violated freedom of expression. Miller v. California This case set forth rules for obscenity prosecutions, but it also gave states and localities flexibility in determining what is obscene. Island Trees School District v.
Bethel School District v. Texas v. Johnson Flag burning as political protest is a form of symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment. Reno v. ACLU The Communications Decency Act was ruled unconstitutional since it was overly broad and vague in its regulation of speech on the Internet, and since it attempted to regulate indecent speech, which the First Amendment protects.
Watchtower Bible and Tract Society v.
American Library Association The federal government could require public libraries to use Internet-filtering software to prevent viewing of pornography by minors. Virginia v. Black A blanket ban on cross-burning was an unconstitutional content-based restriction on free speech. Ashcroft v.